Monday, August 13, 2018

Key Differences Between Smoking And Vaping

The annual number of smokers making the switch to vaping has been increasing steadily since 2007
In 2016, the number of adults smoking nationwide decreased by over five percent. This decline is likely due to recent popularization of the vape industry since the introduction of the cartomizer in 2006. While medical researchers still have many ongoing studies regarding the short and long-term effects of vaping, existing reports have provided us with major differences we can be sure of.

Smoke vs. Vapor

Vapes have become an increasingly common go-to for those either trying to quit or looking for a safer alternative to traditional cigarettes. One of the major concerns has always been the smoke itself. Since combustion is required to smoke a cigarette, new compounds like tar and carbon monoxide are formed in the process, so the contents of the smoke aren’t limited to tobacco and paper. Meanwhile vapor is created by heating liquid, a process that does not affect chemistry just the form of compounds. No new compounds are formed when creating vapor, it’s just like the mist from a boiling pot of water.
In A Report of the Surgeon General, they state that “1,3-butadiene [in manufactured cigarette smoke] presented by far the most significant cancer risk; acrolein and acetaldehyde had the greatest potential to be respiratory irritants; and cyanide, arsenic, and the cresols were the primary sources of cardiovascular risk.” The vapor from vapes & e-cigarettes on the other hand, is simply the gaseous form of the e-liquid base and flavoring used. However, vaping the compound diacetyl (commonly used in buttery flavors) has been linked with the disease commonly known as “popcorn lung”. This considered, e-cigarettes were still found to be approximately 95% less harmful than combustible cigarettes in 2015 by a review from Public Health England. 

Safety Risks 

Safety is not to be taken lightly. Smoking-material fires have been the direct cause of hundreds of millions in property damage and an alarming number of deaths or injuries over the years. In 2011 alone, 25% of fire deaths were attributed to smoking materials, according to NFPA.
Meanwhile, vaporizer batteries are what manufacturers warn vapers about most often. From 2009-2016, Michael Felberbaum of the FDA noted 134 reports of overheating batteries and batteries catching fire or exploding. Explosions have occurred during use, while charging, and even in storage. Education before use is the key to minimizing risk.

The Numbers Don’t Lie

Another key difference is the cost. According to data compiled using census data and the Simmons National Consumer Survey (NHCS), most smokers consume about 10-19 cigarettes daily, which averages out to 36mg of nicotine daily. The consumption equivalent for a vaper would be 3ml of a 12mg/ml nicotine e-liquid.
The average cigarette pack costs $6.20 in most states, not including areas like New York City where they can cost upwards of $10. Meanwhile 10ml of a 12mg/ml nicotine e-liquid costs $6 on average. That means that the same daily dose of nicotine would cost less than $2.
Though smoking and vaping are both a means of nicotine delivery, the considerations for each are very different. Vaping is still relatively new, so we don’t know all the effects of second-hand vapor inhalation or other possible complications yet. These are just a few factors to seriously think about, since smoking and vaping are both lifestyle altering pastimes.


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